The crime of theft is taking property from another person without permission.
Grand Theft and Petty Theft Laws
Theft is broken down into two categories: Grand theft and Petty theft. Theft is considered Grand theft if the value of the property wrongly taken is greater than $950, with a few exceptions for special cases, such as some farm produce and shellfish, where it is considered Grand theft if the value of those products is over $100. Any theft under $950 is a misdemeanor Petty theft . Petty theft, if there is a prior theft conviction, can be charged as a felony, possibly resulting in a more severe punishment. Grand theft of a firearm carries with it a possible punishment of up to three years in state prison. Grand theft of anything other than a firearm carries up to a one year sentence in county jail or state prison. Grand theft auto involves further technical issues, and requires the assistance of an experienced criminal defense attorney.
Embezzlement is still charged as a theft, and the same standards regarding the value of the property that apply to grand theft and petty theft apply to embezzlement. A typical example of embezzlement would be if a stock broker received $10,000 and instead of putting the money into the client’s investment account, he puts the money into his personal checking account. The punishment for embezzlement is the same as that which applies to general theft charges.
Burglary is defined as the unlawful entry into any house, room, apartment, shop, warehouse, store, tent, or floating home among other dwellings and storage facilities, with the intent to commit petty or grand theft or to commit another felony. There is no burglary if the entry was done without the intent to commit a crime. The issue of intent requires careful analysis by an experienced criminal defense attorney.
First Degree and Second Degree Burglary
There are two forms of burglary, burglary in the first degree and burglary in the second degree, including commercial burglary. Any burglary of an inhabited dwelling is considered burglary in the first degree, while any other burglary is of the second degree. This means that robbing a person’s home is first degree but robbing a warehouse or a department store is burglary of the second degree.
Robbery is the wrongful taking of personal property in the possession of another, from his or here person or immediate presence, and against his or her will, accomplished by means of force or fear.
A person may be charged with forgery for signing the name of another person on a document, without that person’s authority, with the intent to defraud or steal. Forgery can also occur when a person produces false identification cards or other documents, such as checks or bank drafts. Forgery can be charged as a felony or a misdemeanor.
Criminal Fraud Laws
Criminal Fraud is a crime of deceit. Fraud can include many types of situations, from business and insurance fraud to Worker’s compensation fraud and welfare fraud.
Identity Theft Law
The rise of the Internet, with electronic commerce and exchange of personal information, has led to a rise in incidents of misuse and theft of personal information to obtain credit, phones, or to commit fraudulent purchases.
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If you have been charged with a theft crime, do not hesitate to seek professional counsel from a qualified criminal defense attorney. Contact us for a free consultation and case evaluation.
In Los Angeles County, The Baum Law Corp. routinely handles theft crimes cases in:
Airport Court (LAX), Alhambra, Antelope Valley (Lancaster), Antelope Valley Juvenile, Bellfower, Beverly Hills, Burbank, Catalina, Central Arraignment (Bauchet), Compton, Downtown Los Angeles (CCB), Downey, East Los Angeles, Eastlake Juvenile, El Monte, Glendale, Hollywood, Inglewood, Inglewood Juvenile, Long Beach, Malibu, Metropolitan (Hill Street), Newhall, Norwalk, Pasadena, Pomona, Torrance, San Fernando Valley, Santa Clarita (Valencia), Van Nuys, West Covina, and Whittier.